The Parthenon Marbles refer to a collection of ancient Greek sculptures and architectural details,

I’m working on a art writing question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

The Parthenon Marbles refer to a collection of ancient Greek sculptures and architectural details, dating back to the fifth century BC, which are currently kept in the British Museum, London. Approximately half of the objects were removed from the Parthenon at Athens, and other ancient buildings, and shipped to England at the bequest of Thomas Bruce, 7th Lord Elgin, who was British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1799 – 1803, which occupied Greece from 1458 to 1820s. (See figs. 5.1c, 5.47, 5.47A, 5.48, 5.49, 5.49A, 5.49B, 5.49C, and 5.50A in your textbook.)
The Marbles in the British Museum have been controversial for over 200 years. Greece considers the Marbles stolen goods and demands their return. The Acropolis Museum in Athens – which houses the remaining sculptures – keeps space empty for them amongst its current display.
The British museum disagrees however, claiming that the ancient marbles, which are roughly half of a 160-metre frieze that adorned the fifth century BC Parthenon temple, were legally acquired by Lord Elgin while Greece was under the occupation and control of the Ottoman Empire who authorized Elgin’s men to “remove some pieces of stone with old inscriptions and figures”. 
Listen carefully to the points made in this debate and then carefully read this New York Times article Download New York Times articleabout a team of archaeologists working on a technical solution to the dispute and this Guardian article Why shouldn’t the Greeks have their marbles back?Links to an external site.  Copying works of art is not a new idea.  For example, many Greek works of art in your textbook are actually Roman replicas of lost Greek originals and are important to the visually tangible history of art from antiquity – see figs. 5-41, 5-42, 5-70, 5-81, 5-82, 5-88. 
In your essay response, address the following:

Is the British Museum really the best steward to preserve and protect the Marbles in light of the information in the New York Times article concerning the Museum’s cleaning operation in the 1930’s? 
Take a virtual tour of the Parthenon Marbles in the British MuseumLinks to an external site. and the Parthenon Gallery in the Acropolis MuseumLinks to an external site.. Do you believe the British Museum’s more than 200 year old position that it is the best home for the Marbles remains valid and relevant today in light of its installation compared to the installation in the Acropolis Museum and the momentum to return cultural artifacts to their countries of origin? 
Why do you think the British Museum refused a formal request to scan the pieces by the team who ultimately scanned them anyway?
What could be the downside for the British or the Greeks in supporting the study of this new technology? 
Conclude your essay with a paragraph on which is the better solution, in your informed view, and why:

The British Museum’s status quo position.
The British and Acropolis Museums agreeing to return the marbles to Greece as part of a mutually beneficial long-term agreement (where the British Museum would get, in exchange, other Greek works of art on long-term loan).
The proposal to make exact marble copies for the British Museum and return the originals permanently to Greece=

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