Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota Food and Politics English Paper

Description1
ESSAY TOPIC-FUTURE OF FOOD INSECURITY)
Submit a completed 3-5 page (approx. 750-1250 words) research paper on the topic
choice you made in Module 1(future of food insecurity ) that incorporates your work from
Milestones 1-6. Use the Final Paper Template for an example of how to create and
format your final paper.
Your final submission should include:









At least 4 references.
A title page and reference page in APA style.
In-text citations in APA format.
An introductory paragraph with your clear, one-sentence thesis statement
(this should NOT be underlined at this point).
Body paragraphs that use information from the sources as evidence to prove
the thesis statement.
One paragraph that refutes opposing perspectives.
A conclusion paragraph that offers final thoughts and reiterates the thesis
statement.
Proper spelling, syntax, and grammar.
Improvements based on feedback from your instructor and peer (i.e. to the
thesis statement, introduction, organization, use of sources, APA style, etc.).
2
[Title in bold font centered in upper half of page]
[Name, centered two double-spaces below title]
[Institutional affiliation]
[Course name]
[Instructor’s name]
[Due date]
3
[Title—up to 12 words on 1–2 lines]
[Indent all paragraphs; use double-spaced, 12-point font. An abstract is not required for
this assignment.]
Introduction: The introduction paragraph should include a “hook” to grab the reader,
some contextual information about your topic, and your thesis statement as the last sentence of
the paragraph. The wording in brackets below is an example of an introduction; delete all of the
information in brackets before beginning your assignment. [Example: In the year 2019, plug-in
electric vehicles represented less than 2 percent of all vehicle sales. Meanwhile, other nations,
like China and Norway, have eclipsed the United States in electric vehicle market share (Graham
et al., 2021). There is no doubt from the international scientific community that carbon emissions
from traditional internal combustion engine vehicles contribute significantly to climate change,
and that electric vehicles represent a viable strategy to curb the automotive industry’s negative
impact on the environment. Why then do electric vehicle sales still lag in the United States and
what can be done to increase sales? The US government should increase the incentives for the
production and consumption of electric cars because the United States is falling behind other
nations in market share of electric cars. They are still too expensive for most consumers, and
research demonstrates that electric cars are effective at reducing carbon emissions, which
contribute to climate change.]
Transition sentence from thesis. Body paragraph 1 should include the first component of
your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support it with in-text
citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year). The wording in
brackets below is an example of a body paragraph; delete this and all of the information in
4
brackets before beginning your assignment. [Example: The United States, once a world leader in
automotive innovation, is quickly falling behind other nations in electric vehicle market
share. While US consumers purchase one-fifth of the world’s EVs, that represents just a tiny
fraction of the American vehicle market. The largest EV market is China, with more than half of
world’s EV sales. Many countries in Europe are likewise adopting EVs at much higher rates per
capita, including Norway, where EVs represent 30% of vehicle sales (Sperling, 2018). The
European Parliament and European Union have paved the way for greater EV consumption by
setting 2020 targets for EVs and charging stations in all EU member states (Noori & Tatari,
2016). In addition, Japan’s government and private sector have also displayed a commitment to
the shift toward EVs, by committing to adding 6,000 new fast chargers across the country by
2016 (Sperling, 2018). In comparison to these nations, the United States’ public and private
commitment to the shift to electric vehicles has flagged. The US auto market is much larger and
more diverse, with a complicated history of automakers, the oil and gasoline industry, and
lobbyists impacting the public’s perception of different types of vehicles. However, in
considering the United States’ long history as a global leader in the auto industry, it is
problematic that the United States is becoming a follower rather than a leader in the newest shift
in the industry. Electric vehicles are ultimately the direction that the automobile market will shift,
so the United States should take additional steps to keep up with its global peers.]
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 2 should include the second
component of your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support
it with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
5
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 3 should include the third
component of your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support
it with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 4 should include opposing
perspectives on your topic and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to refute it
with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
Conclusion: The concluding paragraph should provide a short review of the main ideas
presented in the body and make a connection back to the thesis statement. It should also offer
some concluding thoughts related to the topic and the future. [Example: The evidence from
experts is clear: Electric vehicles are not only beneficial to the fight against climate change, but
they are the future of the auto industry. However, the price of electric vehicles still puts them out
of reach for most American consumers, resulting in the US falling behind its international peers
in electric vehicle adoption per capita. The United States government must take steps today and
tomorrow to pave the way forward for American electric vehicle consumption through increased
incentives provided to both consumers and producers. Climate change is not a problem we can
tackle alone; only through concerted efforts in specific areas can the United States, and the
world, combat global warming. Shifting from gasoline-powered to electric vehicles is an
important part of that fight, and we must take steps to assure it.]
6
References
[Examples:
Dua, R., & White, K. (2020). Understanding latent demand for hybrid and plug-in electric
vehicles using large-scale longitudinal survey data of US new vehicle buyers. Energy
Efficiency, 13(6), 1063–1074.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=asn&AN=145259635&site=eds-live&scope=site
Graham, J. D., Belton, K. B., & Suri, X. (2021). How China beat the US in electric vehicle
manufacturing and why it’s time for the United States to get serious about industrial
policies. Issues in Science & Technology, 37(2), 72–79.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=tfh&AN=149318105&site=eds-live&scope=site
Noori, M., & Tatari, O. (2016). Development of an agent-based model for regional market
penetration projections of electric vehicles in the United States. Energy, 96, 215–230.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=edselp&AN=S0360544215016606&site=eds-live&scope=site
Sperling, D. (2018). Electric vehicles: Approaching the tipping point. Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists, 74(1), 11–18.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=ulh&AN=127161734&site=eds-live&scope=site]
1
ESSAY TOPIC-FUTURE OF FOOD INSECURITY)
Submit a completed 3-5 page (approx. 750-1250 words) research paper on the topic
choice you made in Module 1(future of food insecurity ) that incorporates your work from
Milestones 1-6. Use the Final Paper Template for an example of how to create and
format your final paper.
Your final submission should include:









At least 4 references.
A title page and reference page in APA style.
In-text citations in APA format.
An introductory paragraph with your clear, one-sentence thesis statement
(this should NOT be underlined at this point).
Body paragraphs that use information from the sources as evidence to prove
the thesis statement.
One paragraph that refutes opposing perspectives.
A conclusion paragraph that offers final thoughts and reiterates the thesis
statement.
Proper spelling, syntax, and grammar.
Improvements based on feedback from your instructor and peer (i.e. to the
thesis statement, introduction, organization, use of sources, APA style, etc.).
2
[Title in bold font centered in upper half of page]
[Name, centered two double-spaces below title]
[Institutional affiliation]
[Course name]
[Instructor’s name]
[Due date]
3
[Title—up to 12 words on 1–2 lines]
[Indent all paragraphs; use double-spaced, 12-point font. An abstract is not required for
this assignment.]
Introduction: The introduction paragraph should include a “hook” to grab the reader,
some contextual information about your topic, and your thesis statement as the last sentence of
the paragraph. The wording in brackets below is an example of an introduction; delete all of the
information in brackets before beginning your assignment. [Example: In the year 2019, plug-in
electric vehicles represented less than 2 percent of all vehicle sales. Meanwhile, other nations,
like China and Norway, have eclipsed the United States in electric vehicle market share (Graham
et al., 2021). There is no doubt from the international scientific community that carbon emissions
from traditional internal combustion engine vehicles contribute significantly to climate change,
and that electric vehicles represent a viable strategy to curb the automotive industry’s negative
impact on the environment. Why then do electric vehicle sales still lag in the United States and
what can be done to increase sales? The US government should increase the incentives for the
production and consumption of electric cars because the United States is falling behind other
nations in market share of electric cars. They are still too expensive for most consumers, and
research demonstrates that electric cars are effective at reducing carbon emissions, which
contribute to climate change.]
Transition sentence from thesis. Body paragraph 1 should include the first component of
your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support it with in-text
citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year). The wording in
brackets below is an example of a body paragraph; delete this and all of the information in
4
brackets before beginning your assignment. [Example: The United States, once a world leader in
automotive innovation, is quickly falling behind other nations in electric vehicle market
share. While US consumers purchase one-fifth of the world’s EVs, that represents just a tiny
fraction of the American vehicle market. The largest EV market is China, with more than half of
world’s EV sales. Many countries in Europe are likewise adopting EVs at much higher rates per
capita, including Norway, where EVs represent 30% of vehicle sales (Sperling, 2018). The
European Parliament and European Union have paved the way for greater EV consumption by
setting 2020 targets for EVs and charging stations in all EU member states (Noori & Tatari,
2016). In addition, Japan’s government and private sector have also displayed a commitment to
the shift toward EVs, by committing to adding 6,000 new fast chargers across the country by
2016 (Sperling, 2018). In comparison to these nations, the United States’ public and private
commitment to the shift to electric vehicles has flagged. The US auto market is much larger and
more diverse, with a complicated history of automakers, the oil and gasoline industry, and
lobbyists impacting the public’s perception of different types of vehicles. However, in
considering the United States’ long history as a global leader in the auto industry, it is
problematic that the United States is becoming a follower rather than a leader in the newest shift
in the industry. Electric vehicles are ultimately the direction that the automobile market will shift,
so the United States should take additional steps to keep up with its global peers.]
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 2 should include the second
component of your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support
it with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
5
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 3 should include the third
component of your argument and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to support
it with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
Transition sentence from paragraph above. Body paragraph 4 should include opposing
perspectives on your topic and paraphrased or quoted evidence from your sources to refute it
with in-text citations after any information that comes from a source (last name, year).
Conclusion: The concluding paragraph should provide a short review of the main ideas
presented in the body and make a connection back to the thesis statement. It should also offer
some concluding thoughts related to the topic and the future. [Example: The evidence from
experts is clear: Electric vehicles are not only beneficial to the fight against climate change, but
they are the future of the auto industry. However, the price of electric vehicles still puts them out
of reach for most American consumers, resulting in the US falling behind its international peers
in electric vehicle adoption per capita. The United States government must take steps today and
tomorrow to pave the way forward for American electric vehicle consumption through increased
incentives provided to both consumers and producers. Climate change is not a problem we can
tackle alone; only through concerted efforts in specific areas can the United States, and the
world, combat global warming. Shifting from gasoline-powered to electric vehicles is an
important part of that fight, and we must take steps to assure it.]
6
References
[Examples:
Dua, R., & White, K. (2020). Understanding latent demand for hybrid and plug-in electric
vehicles using large-scale longitudinal survey data of US new vehicle buyers. Energy
Efficiency, 13(6), 1063–1074.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=asn&AN=145259635&site=eds-live&scope=site
Graham, J. D., Belton, K. B., & Suri, X. (2021). How China beat the US in electric vehicle
manufacturing and why it’s time for the United States to get serious about industrial
policies. Issues in Science & Technology, 37(2), 72–79.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=tfh&AN=149318105&site=eds-live&scope=site
Noori, M., & Tatari, O. (2016). Development of an agent-based model for regional market
penetration projections of electric vehicles in the United States. Energy, 96, 215–230.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=edselp&AN=S0360544215016606&site=eds-live&scope=site
Sperling, D. (2018). Electric vehicles: Approaching the tipping point. Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists, 74(1), 11–18.
http://vlib.excelsior.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=ulh&AN=127161734&site=eds-live&scope=site]
1
IND101 Milestone 1 Template
1. Topic selection (from list of choices in course):
My topic of choice is the future of food insecurity
2. At least three questions you have about this topic and how it might impact the future of
our society:
a. Why does food insecurity still remain a problem today?
b. How can governments and citizens work together to improve food security?
c. What are the potential long-term effects of food insecurity on society?
d. What are potential solutions to reducing food insecurity in the future?
3. A short paragraph (at least 150 words) reflecting on this process.
I chose to research the future of food insecurity because it is a critical issue affecting
many people worldwide. I was curious as to why global food insecurity continues to influence
our lives despite the multiple strategies proposed, including being part of the SDGs objectives.
There is no doubt that food security is a challenging and complex subject to tackle, but it is
crucial to be aware of the issue and find ways to address it. I know personal biases may prevent
me from viewing the topic from a more informed and neutral perspective. I plan to be mindful of
my limitations and consider different research perspectives with an open mind. I found it easy to
formulate foundational questions about the topic because it is widely discussed. However, it was
more challenging to think about how the topic might evolve and the long-term solutions
available to tackle food insecurity in the future. Regardless, I am eager to interact deeply with the
issue, hoping to discover new insights.
IND101 Milestone 2 Template
Topic: The Future of Food Insecurity
1. List of narrowed ideas from the free-write activity:
2.

Hunger crisis

Lack of access to healthy foods

Food deserts

Inadequate nutrition.

Food insecurity in developing countries

How climate change affects food insecurity

How poverty affects food insecurity

Impact of the pandemic on food insecurity

Organizations that are fighting food insecurity

Government programs to address food insecurity

Short-term and long-term solutions to food insecurity

Role of technology in addressing food insecurity

How to raise awareness about food insecurity

Cost of addressing food insecurity

Lack of education about healthy food
Description with at least 4 underlined key terms or short phrases:
Food insecurity is a global issue caused by multiple factors that negatively impact the future of
society. Governments have implemented various assistance programs and agricultural policies to
address the hunger crisis that persist in many regions worldwide. The extensive measures to
increase access to healthy food have yet to achieve their objectives, prompting a more objective
evaluation of the issues and developing more practical solutions.
3. At least 2 synonyms, abbreviations, or alternatives for each key term:

Food insecurity: Hunger, malnutrition

Poverty: Destitution, deprivation

Climate change: Global warming, temperature change, environmental change

Cost of healthy food: The price of nutritious food, cost of nutritious food

Access to grocery stores: Access to supermarkets, access food markets

Government assistance programs: Government aid, social services

Agricultural policies: Farming regulations, farming guidelines

Education about healthy food: Nutrition education, healthy eating education

Local food banks: Food pantries, food distributions

Fight food insecurity: Combat hunger, reduce malnutrition, combat poverty
4. At least 5 Excelsior Library Sources
Source 1:

Title: Food Insecurity on Campus: Action and Intervention.

Date: 2020

Author: Broton, K., M.

Permalink: https://web-p-ebscohostcom.vlib.excelsior.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=dc13a002-6d69-4e7c-8022e223fd7610d8%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#A
N=2266292&db=e000xna
Source 2:

Title: Food Insecurity: Patterns, Prevalence And Risk Factors

Date: 2016

Author: Garner, R.

Permalink: https://web-s-ebscohostcom.vlib.excelsior.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=6c9855cf-4320-4853-80c7284195ac8a5a%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl
Source 3:

Title: Voices of Hunger: Food Insecurity In The United States

Date: 2014

Author: Thomas, C., I., P.

Permalink: https://web-s-ebscohostcom.vlib.excelsior.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=01764bb0-06b8-4c69-85b8af96ef565120%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#A
N=1022551&db=e000xna
Source 4:

Title: Food Insecurity Among Hispanics And Immigrants In The U.S. : Selected
Analyses

Date: 2016

Author: Powers, D.

Permalink: https://web-s-ebscohostcom.vlib.excelsior.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=5ed098e0-044f-407d-9ab76f61cd90836e%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl
Source 5:

Title: Food (In)Security in Urban Populations

Date: 2010

Author: Teng, P.

Permalink: https://www-jstor-org.vlib.excelsior.edu/stable/resrep17154
1
Thesis Statement Draft and Source Evaluation
1. Thesis statement:
The expanding food insecurity problem is an important global issue that calls for immediate action
to eliminate hunger, improve access to healthy food, promote sustainable agriculture policy, and
enhance nutrition knowledge to improve future societal outcomes.
2. In-Depth Evaluation of the Source
Broton, K., M. (2020). Food Insecurity on Campus: Action and Intervention. https://web-pebscohost-com.vlib.excelsior.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=dc13a002-6d69-4e7c-8022e223fd7610d8%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=226629
2&db=e000xna
Relevance: This article is pertinent since it addresses the problem of food insecurity on college
campuses, which is directly related to my research question. It gives insight into food insecurity
on college campuses, a crucial component of the more considerable food insecurity concern. This
source provides helpful information regarding food insecurity and examines the different tactics
that university administrators might apply to prevent it on campus.
Authority: The author’s profile as a professor in the Health Sciences Department at the University
of West Florida provides the research legitimacy in the field of health sciences. Journal of College
and University Student Housing is an academic journal that covers consensus articles on several
topics associated with student housing. It provides evidence that the source is trustworthy.
2
Currency: The information has been current since it was published in 2020. It confirms that the
source’s information closely resembles the present circumstances.
Objectivity: The source does not prejudice its findings. It gives an overall picture of food
insecurity on college campuses without advocating for or against anything. This source delves
deeply into the topic from various angles and provides an excellent summary.
Verifiability: The author’s credentials, including references, make this a trustworthy source. The
source makes assertions and provides links to other resources that can be used to confirm those
claims.
3. One source to omit and why:
Teng, P. (2010). Food (In)Security in Urban Populations. https://www-jstororg.vlib.excelsior.edu/stable/resrep17154
Source 5: Food (In)Security in Urban Populations by Teng, P. (2010) is one I have decided
to leave out. The information it contains is outdated and does not reflect the current state of the
food insecurity crisis. Furthermore, the source only provides a broad picture of food insecurity in
metropolitan areas without any supporting study or analysis. This site does not give me the data I
need to examine and explain the problem of food insecurity and potential solutions for my research.
That is why I have decided to leave it off my list of resources.
4. Reflection
Seeking to simplify my key argument together into a short statement presented a challenge
once I began creating a thesis statement. I had to take the many thoughts I would have written
down during the free-write exercise and condense them into a single, clear assertion. The most
beneficial aspect of source evaluation for me was objectivity since it allowed me to zero in on
resources that presented information about food insecurity from multiple perspectives. To find the
3
most recent and applicable sources for my paper, I want to keep looking for them over the next
few weeks. I could use some clarification on how to determine the credibility of a source and how
to integrate credits into the body of my paper. I need to learn how to evaluate the accuracy of my
sources.
IND101 Milestone 5 Template
Introduction
Many individuals all over the world are trying from food insecurity. Forty million
Americans, or one in eight, are food insecure, meaning they frequently go without adequate
nutrition to sustain a healthy and active way of life. Food insecurity has become a more significant
problem due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has destroyed jobs and interrupted food
distribution systems. The United States government, in hopes of tackling that escalating issue,
must develop and implement strategies for combating food insecurity both at home and abroad.
Investment in public-private partnerships to expand food distribution, financial help to boost
agriculture production, and price-control legislation are all realistic choices to pursue in this
direction. To ensure that all people have access to quality, relatively affordable food, the United
States government should develop and enact policies to combat food insecurity at home and
abroad.
Outline:
I.
Supporting Point 1: To improve food access, the United States government should fund
public-private partnerships
A. Topic sentence: Investing in public-private partnerships is crucial in expanding access to
nutritious meals for needy people.
B. Supporting detail: Historically, public-private partnerships have been used to improve
healthy food supply in economically challenged communities (FAO et al., 2021).
C. Supporting detail: By combining public and private sector resources, these alliances can
alleviate food insecurity more permanently than conventional relief programs (Smith &
Wesselbaum, 2020).
II.
Supporting Point 2: The United States government needs to provide farmers with
financial aid and other benefits to boost agricultural output.
A. Topic sentence: Food production can be fostered through grants and incentives, primarily
in neglected and rural areas.
B. Supporting detail: Funds can be used to explore sustainable food production techniques,
including hydroponics and aquaponics (Udmale et al., 2020).
C. Supporting detail: Subsidized tools and materials could be offered to farmers to
incentivize them to adopt these practices (FAO et al., 2021).
III.
Supporting Point 3: The government of the United States should institute measures to
lower food prices.
A. Topic sentence: Long-term solutions to food insecurity require a policy shift toward more
cheap food.
B. Supporting detail: Some examples of such policies are government-funded meal
programs, taxes on junk food, and subsidies for farmers and food producers (Paslakis et al.,
2020).
C. Supporting detail: These measures help level the playing field so that everyone can afford
to eat well, regardless of their financial standing (Smith & Wesselbaum, 2020).
IV.
Countering Opposing Perspectives
A. Topic sentence: Some have argued that it is not the government’s job to address hunger;
hence they say it is inappropriate for them to become involved.
B. Supporting detail: These individuals contend that government resources would be better
spent on economic initiatives that generate new employment and opportunities rather than
food aid (Paslakis et al., 2020).
C. Refuting detail: Nonetheless, mounting data links food insecurity with poverty, suggesting
that helping the hungry is an effective strategy for reducing poverty and expanding access
to economic opportunities.
V.
Conclusion
A. Review the central ideas presented in the body and make a connection to the thesis:
There is a compelling need to solve the problem of food insecurity. The U.S. government
must finance public-private partnerships to increase food distribution, production, and
availability. These adjustments will make good food more approachable for much less
expense.
B. Closing thoughts: Food insecurity is a global issue that calls for action from the federal
government of the United States, both at the national level and globally. We must
undertake immediate action to guarantee that all individuals have the opportunity to have
the food they need to lead healthy and active lives.
References
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, & WHO. (2021). The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the
World 2021. FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. https://doi.org/10.4060/cb4474en
Paslakis, G., Dimitropoulos, G., & Katzman, D. K. (2020). A Call to Action to Address COVID19–induced Global Food Insecurity to Prevent Hunger, Malnutrition, and Eating
Pathology. Nutrition Reviews, 79(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/nutrit/nuaa069
Smith, M. D., & Wesselbaum, D. (2020). COVID-19, Food Insecurity, and Migration. The
Journal of Nutrition, 150(11). https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa270
Udmale, P., Pal, I., Szabo, S., Pramanik, M., & Large, A. (2020). Global Food Security in the
Context of COVID-19: A Scenario-based Exploratory Analysis. Progress in Disaster
Science, 7, 100120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100120

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