Rough Draft of the Final Research Project


 it is about (How does social media conduct depression?)ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
Week Three Assignment: Rough Draft of the
Final Research Project
This is the assignment that is going to take you from a collection of write-ups on
individual sources to an actual draft. It might be helpful to think of the writing
you’ve done thus far in the class as a set of research-project construction
materials. For example, the Project Introduction, end of Week One, represents a
foundation for the final project. In Week Two, you’ll work on source write-ups:
these are your building materials.
Now you are going to prepare some binding agents (transitions! synthesis! see below…)
to bring everything together in the form of an actual draft of your research essay.
ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
Be aware, though, that you are likely to find you also need more, or different, materials.
It is at the drafting stage that we often notice significant gaps or unanswered questions
in our research. We realize that more research is required—and possibly also
refinement of the original research question.
This kind of looping back is not a sign of trouble. Rather, it is a natural part of the
research writing process, which almost never follows a tidy straight line from idea
formation to source gathering to drafting.
Two of our Week Three readings are of particular importance for the draft.:
• Week Three assigned reading on Synthesis
• Week Three Lecture on Transitions ( ).
The Synthesis lecture will help you begin thinking about how your ideas fit together, and
how best to arrange them. The Transitions lecture will help you think about how to
signal these relationships to readers.
For a reminder of what the finished product will look like, see the Final Research Project
specifications document on this assignment. Note, though, that no concluding
paragraph is required in the Week Three Rough Draft (we will work on conclusions next
How to develop your work into a rough draft
As the old saying goes, “there is more than one road to Rome.” Below, however, is an
approach that you will likely find helpful for transforming your week-one introduction,
week-two library report into the Week Three Rough Draft. If you are having trouble
getting started or are short on time, try tackling the items below one at a time. Also, if
the order of tasks below isn’t working for you, go ahead and jump around—
whatever gets you started in transforming the pieces you’ve been developing to this
point in the class into a draft that you can submit at the end of Week Three.
ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
“Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it into small jobs” –Henry Ford
☐ Join all of your project-related work into a single document: the Week One
Introduction, and the Week Two Library Research Report.
☐ Carefully review any revision recommendations you’ve received on your earlier work.
If substantive changes are needed (especially changes to the research question itself!),
you will want to attend to those first. If you are confused about any feedback
you’ve received from your instructor or classmates, get that confusion cleared up.
☐ Read/Re-read the assigned page on Synthesis and begin arranging your source writeups. You began the process of synthesis in week-two when you analyzed sources in
terms of how they spoke to your research question. Now return to these week-two
source write-ups and examine them carefully. What are the different components of
your inquiry that they help address? Which of the sources develop similar claims? Which
represent areas of debate within your inquiry? What are some similar or different
methodologies you see being employed to study issues related to your research
question? What similar or different values or priorities seem to be motivating the
research? Are there areas of strong consensus? Are there questions or sub-questions
that your sources downplay or ignore?
The idea here is to think about all of the different things you might say about your
sources in relation to one another. Jot down some notes (you might want to do this
directly on your document in a different colored font), and move paragraphs around so
that related ideas appear together. In some instances you may want to merge two
source write-ups into a single paragraph, or divide one write-up into two paragraphs.
☐ Are there gaps in the skeletal draft you’ve constructed that point to the need for
more research? If so, now is the time! Re-visit the strategies you practiced in Week Two
(using different databases, using one source to find others, etc.), and, as always, don’t
hesitate to contact a librarian if you are in need of research assistance
ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
☐ Read/Re-read the Week Three lecture on Transitions. Do you see how transitional
phrasing can be used to express the kinds of relationships among ideas that you’ve been
reflecting on? Take a look at the sample Final Research Project as well. Notice how the
author uses transitions to show his readers relationships between the sources he found
through his research. Note that he has synthesized his sources (he has identified
relationships, contradictions, gaps, etc.) and that each paragraph begins with a sentence
or two that make these relationships explicit for readers.
Again, synthesis—and the expression of synthesized ideas through carefullycrafted transitions—is the glue that holds the individual paragraph together and helps
them cohere as a single research project. Try writing some transitions that express the
relationships you’ve identified among your sources.
☐You attended to substantive revisions earlier in this process. Now is the time to attend
to any more localized matters your instructor or peers commented on at an earlier
stage, or that you’ve become aware of yourself upon reviewing your work. Take a look
at the minimum requirements for the rough draft. Is your draft on track to meet these
requirements? Revise as necessary. To get even more mileage out of this draft, check
what you have against the Final Research Project specifications and the grading criteria.
Strive to submit your best effort at this stage as a means of ensuring that the feedback
you receive from peers and your instructor will be feedback that you can use (rather
than a recitation of things you already know about and had intended to get to later).
☐Check your work against the list of “Presentation Norms in academic papers” that
appears in the class lecture on Document
The following annotated example calls attention to specific draft requirements:

Annotated sample Week 3 draft

*Note that this example contains a chart. You may include visualizations, but they are
not required in a paper.
ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
Grading of the Week Three Rough Draft
Evaluation of the draft will be based on demonstrated draft-stage effort to fulfill project
specifications. Drafts that demonstrate an attempt to meet all of the specifications
below can potentially receive full credit (100%/A+) even if they do not yet meet the
specifications at the level required for the final version of the research project.
• Introduction communicates the research question, and this question matches the
actual content of the essay.
• Essay emphasizes high-quality, relevant, scholarly sources.
• All body paragraphs focus on discussion of research findings and explain the
significance of these findings in relation to the research question.

Source identification* is correct, clear, and concise.
*Remember that, in ILR260, “source identification” means doing what journalists do and
explaining—briefly—who our sources are.
• Sources are synthesized and paragraph transitions are used to
signal relationships between ideas.
• Writing is clear and accessible to non-specialist readers.
• Citation follows APA style (unless you’re a humanities major and have arranged to
use MLA).
• Essay adheres to presentation norms of academic papers
Note: no conclusion is required at this stage. We’ll tackle the conclusion during Week
Work that substantially deviates from the assignment requirements (for example, the
draft offers something other than analytical research writing, or it relies on sources
inappropriate to an academic research project, or it contains sentence-level problems so
serious as to prevent assessment of other aspects of the work) will receive partial or no
ILR260: WEEK THREE ASSIGNMENT: Rough Draft of the Final Project
If you run into problems while working on your Draft during Week Three, don’t hesitate
to ask for help!
Sample Papers
Sample Student Paper
• 61
student title page, 2.3
paper title, 2.4, 2.27,
Table 2.1, Figure 2.4
group author, 9.11
parenthetical citation
of a work with two
authors, 8.17
italics to highlight
a key term, 6.22
parenthetical citation
of a work with one
author, 8.17
repeated citation
needed, 8.1
use of first person, 4.16
narrative citation in
parenthetical running
text, 8.11
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Sample Student Paper (continued)
Level 1 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
Level 2 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
Level 2 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
lettered list, 6.50
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Sample Papers
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Sample Student Paper (continued)
short quotation, 8.25, 8.26
repeated narrative citation with
the year omitted, 8.16
“et al.” citations for
works with three or
more authors, 8.17
Level 1 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
Level 2 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
secondary source
citation, 8.6
narrative citation
with the year in the
narrative, 8.11
“for more” citation, 8.11
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Sample Student Paper (continued)
long paraphrase, 8.24
time abbreviation, 6.28
block quotation, 8.25, 8.27
narrative citation, 8.11;
paraphrasing, 8.23
Level 1 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
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Sample Papers
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Sample Student Paper (continued)
“see also” citation, 8.12
Level 2 heading, 2.27,
Table 2.3, Figure 2.5
personal communication, 8.9
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Sample Student Paper (continued)
book reference, 10.2
report reference, 10.4
journal article reference, 10.1
YouTube video
reference, 10.12
blog post
reference, 10.1
short URL, 9.36
conference presentation
reference, 10.5
shortDOI, 9.36
edited book chapter
reference, 10.3
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Sample Papers
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shortDOI, 9.36
doctoral dissertation
reference, 10.6
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