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I’m working on a english discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

1. Read this short article on sexual behavior among adolescents.
  answer the following questions 
3.  What are 3 problems that can result from hook-ups? 
4.  Different parts of the world have different views on casual sex, what are your views?FCS2279
“Hooking Up” and Hanging Out: Casual Sexual Behavior
Among Adolescents and Young Adults Today1
Christy Daniel and Kate Fogarty2
Current Trends in Adolescent and
Young Adults’ Sexuality
Adolescents’ and young adults’ sexual attitudes
and behaviors have gotten a lot of attention from
researchers, the media, and policy makers in the
past decade. Trends show a decline in traditional
forms of dating, suggesting that casual sexual
interaction, often referred to as “hooking up,”
has become an alternative to traditional
exclusive sexual relationships.
Hook-ups are sexual encounters ranging from
kissing to sexual intercourse. They are often
short-lived, nonexclusive, and emotionally
shallow, with a purpose of one-time sexual
activity (Glenn & Marquardt, 2001). The terms
“friends with benefits” and “casual sex” are also
used as synonyms for hooking up (Glenn &
Marquardt, 2001).
Adolescent Sexual Experiences
Although research has found that most teenagers
(roughly 75%) have their first sexual experience
within the context of a dating relationship
(Manning, Giordano, & Longmore, 2005), more
than 60% of sexually active teenagers will
eventually have sex with someone they are not
dating (Manning, Giordano, & Longmore,
2006). One study found that approximately 87%
of college students reported hooking up at some
point in their lives (Kahn, Fricker, Hoffman,
Lambert, Tripp, & Childress, 2000).
Additionally, more than one-half of the men and
one-third of the women in the study reported
having intercourse during their hook-up
(Lambert, Kahn, & Apple, 2003).
This document is FCS2279, one of a series of the Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension
Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First published October 2007. Please visit the EDIS Web Site at
Christy Daniel, graduate student, and Kate Fogarty, assistant professor, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Florida
Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information, and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex,
sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions, or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service,
University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A&M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating.
“Hooking-up” and Hanging Out: Casual Sexual Behavior of Adolescents and Young Adults Today
Social Predictors
Alcohol use or intoxication is generally a
precursor to hooking up (Desiderato &
Crawford, 1995). The overwhelming majority of
hook-up experiences include alcohol use by
both partners (Longmore, Manning, Giordano,
& Rudolph, 2004). Additionally, about half of
those who reported hook-ups that included
sexual intercourse did not use or were less likely
to use a condom (Paul, McManus, & Hayes,
Psychological Predictors
A person’s level of self-esteem has been found
to be related to whether he or she is likely to
“hook up.” Most studies have found that men
and women with lower self-esteem and/or selfworth hook up more often and have more
partners (Longmore et al., 2004; Paul et al.,
Personality can also predict young adults’
participation in casual sexual behavior.
Unrestrictive or permissive individuals are more
likely to seek out sensation and to take more
risks. This kind of behavior is strongly
associated with many sexual activities,
including hooking up (Paul et al., 2000).
(STIs) and unplanned pregnancy (Manning
et al., 2006).
Implications for Adolescents, Young
Adults, Parents, and Youth Workers
Adolescents, young adults and college students

Information concerning the physical and
psychological consequences of these
risky sexual behaviors.

Programs that can help them to develop
positive relationship skills.

Activities that encourage relationships
with the opposite sex while being
centered on building life skills and
competencies (e.g., leadership programs
and theme clubs).
Parents can deal with the problem of hook-ups
in a number of ways.

Talk with preteens at an early age about
sexual behaviors. Many adolescents
begin having sex in mid-adolescence.
This talk should not simply convey the
facts about sexual intercourse, but
communicate parental values on the
subject. (See EDIS publication
FCS2251/FY852, “Communicating with
Teens About Sex: Facts, Findings and

Set rules that guide developmentally
appropriate behavior (such as having a
curfew for weeknights and weekends
when hanging out with friends, and
appropriately monitoring the teen’s

Actively monitor the child’s social
environment (for example, restrict
Internet use to common household areas).
Such preventative measures will limit the
chances that hook-up situations will
The Consequences of Hooking Up
Various problems can result from hook-ups.

The dashed hopes and lowered
expectations that may result from hook-up
relationships can have negative effects on
young adults’ psychological well-being
(Manning et al., 2006).
Hooking up may keep adolescents and
young adults from practicing relationship
skills and competencies that can carry
forward to more long-term relationships
(e.g., marriage) (Manning et al., 2006).
Hook-ups are often associated with various
forms of sexual risk-taking. The results can
include sexually transmitted infections
Page 2
“Hooking-up” and Hanging Out: Casual Sexual Behavior of Adolescents and Young Adults Today
Alcohol use and low self-esteem can contribute
to young adults’ hook-up behaviors. Such
behaviors have been found to have lasting
repercussions on a young person’s physical and
psychological well-being. Education and
community and family support can help protect
young people who are at risk of getting involved
in early sexual behavior.
Desiderato, L. L., & Crawford, H. J. (1995).
Risky sexual behavior in college students:
Relationships between number of sexual
partners, disclosure of previous risky behavior,
and alcohol use. Journal of Youth &
Adolescence, 24(1), 55-68.
Glenn, N., & Marquardt, E. (2001). Hooking up,
hanging out, and hoping for Mr. Right: College
women on dating and mating today. A report
conducted by the Institute for American Values
for the Independent Women’s Forum.
Kahn, A. S., Fricker, K., Hoffman, J., Lambert,
T., Tripp, M., & Childress, K. (2000). Hooking
up: Dangerous new dating methods? In A.S.
Kahn (Chair), Sex, unwanted sex, and sexual
assault on college campuses. Symposium
conducted at the annual Meeting of the
American Psychological Association,
Washington, D.C.
Lambert, T. A., Kahn, A. S., & Apple, K. J.
(2003). Pluralistic ignorance and hooking up.
The Journal of Sex Research, 40(2), 129-133.
Longmore, M. A., Manning, W. D., Giordano,
P. C., & Rudolph, J. L. (2004). Self-esteem,
depressive symptoms, and adolescents’ sexual
onset. Social Psychological Quarterly, 67(3),
Manning, W. D., Giordano, P. C., & Longmore,
M. A. (2006). Hooking up: The relationship
contexts of “non-relationship” sex. Journal of
Adolescent Research, 21(5), 459-483.
Page 3
Manning, W. D., Longmore, M. A., &
Giordano, P. C. (2005). Adolescents’
involvement in non-romantic sexual activity.
Social Science Research, 34, 384-407.
Paul, E. L., McManus, B., & Hayes, A. (2000).
“Hookups”: Characteristics and correlates of
college students’ spontaneous and anonymous
sexual experiences. The Journal of Sex
Research, 37(1), 76-88.

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