E Commerce Website Development Paper

E-commerce Website Development
The purpose of this project is to create an
online store where customers can purchase
goods over the internet. The website will
incorporate various functionalities,
including product categories, a search
function, a shopping cart, a payment
gateway, user registration and login, order
tracking, and customer support. The team
involved in the project will comprise
developers, designers, testers, and a
project manager. The development process
will be divided into phases, with testing
being carried out at each stage to guarantee
the website’s accuracy and conformity to
user demands.
Table of Contents
III. Functional
IV. Functional
Tests Plan
V. System Design
VII. Programming
Environment and
VIII. Code
IX. Unit/Module
Tests Plan
X. Results of Tests
and Samples of
User Interfaces
XII. Issues for
Future Studies
XIII. Conclusion
XIV. References
XV. Appendices
I. Introduction
II. Project Plan
VI. Integration
Tests Plan
XI. Demo
In this modern digital era, e-commerce has become an indispensable aspect
of our daily routines. The ease and convenience of online shopping have
resulted in its widespread acceptance. The objective of this project is to
construct an e-commerce website that provides a broad array of goods to its
users. The website will be created with a user-friendly interface, tight security
measures, and easy navigability. The use of cutting-edge web technologies
will ensure that the website is both swift and efficient.
Project Plan
The project will be
developed in a phased
manner, with each
phase consisting of the
following stages:
Requirement Analysis
Design and Planning
Deployment and
The project will be
divided into 10 weeks,
and the following
milestones will be
achieved in each week
Week 1: Requirement
Gathering and Analysis
Week 2: Design and
Week 3-5:
Development of the
Week 6: Unit and
Module Testing
Week 7-8: Integration
Week 9: User
Acceptance Testing
Week 10: Deployment
and Maintenance
The website will have the following features:
User registration and login
Product categories and product search
Shopping cart
Payment gateway integration
Order history
Customer service
Security features such as SSL encryption
Use Case Diagrams:
Use Case Diagram
Class Diagrams:
Class Diagram
Sequence Diagrams:
Sequence Diagram
Collaboration Diagrams:
Collaboration Diagram
State-Chart Diagrams:
State-Chart Diagram
Tests Plan
The following tests will be conducted:
User registration and login
Product search
Adding products to the cart
Payment gateway integration
Order placement and confirmation
Customer service
The website will be designed using
the layered architecture. The
following layers will be used:
Presentation Layer
Business Logic Layer
Data Access Layer
Design Specifications
The following design scheme will be
System Architectural Design Scheme
Database Tables:
Database Tables
Entity-Relational Diagrams:
Entity-Relational Diagrams
Window Navigation
Customer – These are the primary users of the system.
A user who can browse through the products, add
products to cart, place orders, and make payments.
Administrator – An employee who manages the
products, inventory, orders, and customer accounts.
System – The e-commerce system that handles the
processing of orders, payments, and inventory
Business Rules
Business Rules:
Customers can only place orders if they are registered and logged in.
The system should be able to keep track of the inventory and update it
after each purchase.
Payment can be made by customers through different payment modes
like credit/debit card, net banking, etc.
Customers have the ability to view their order history and track the
progress of their current orders.
The system should generate invoices for each order.
Use-Case Diagrams
Use Case Diagram for Customer
Browse Products
Add to Cart
Place Requisition
Confirm shipment
Use Case Diagram for Supplier
Process Delivery
Confirm Shipment
Send Invoice
Use Case Diagram for Bank
Send Invoice
Use-Case Diagrams
Customer Class
Class Diagrams
Attributes: name, email, password, shipping
address, billing address, phone number
Methods: login(), logout(), register(), placeOrder(),
makePayment(), viewOrderHistory(),
Product Class
Attributes: name, description, price, quantity
Methods: addProduct(), removeProduct(),
Order Class
Attributes: orderID, customerID, orderDate,
orderStatus, paymentMethod, totalAmount
Methods: createOrder(), cancelOrder(),
Payment Class
Attributes: paymentID, customerID, paymentDate,
paymentMethod, amount
Methods: makePayment()
Object Diagrams
Customer Places
Order and Makes
Manages Products
and Inventory
with the Ecommerce System
with the Ecommerce System
Functional Tests
Customer Registration and Login Test
Add to Cart and Place Order Test
Payment Test
Order Status and Tracking Test
Administrator Product and Inventory
Management Test
System Design
System Architectural Design Scheme:
Layered Architecture Design Scheme
Web Server
Database Server
Application Server
Package Diagram
User Package
Product Package
Order Package
Payment Package
Customer Table
Product Table
Order Table
Payment Table
Product Table
Order Table
Customer Entity Relationship
Product Entity Relationship
Order Entity Relationship
Payment Entity Relationship
Home Page Navigation Diagram
Product Category Navigation Diagram
Product Detail Page Navigation
Cart Page Navigation Diagram
Checkout Page Navigation Diagram
Drafts of User
Home Page UI
Product Category UI
Product Detail Page UI
Cart Page UI
Checkout Page UI
System-Response Report Forms
Tests Plan
User Registration and Login
Integration Test
Add to Cart and Place Order
Integration Test
Payment Integration Test
Order Status and Tracking Integration
Administrator Product and Inventory
Management Integration Test
and Tools:
Language: PHP
In conclusion, the development of an e-commerce website involves a
thorough understanding of business requirements, user needs, and
technical specifications. The project requires the collaboration of various
stakeholders such as business analysts, software architects, developers,
testers, and project managers. The use of appropriate methodologies and
tools such as agile development, use-case diagrams, sequence diagrams,
and functional tests can ensure the delivery of a quality product within the
given time and budget constraints.
The proposed e-commerce website project aims to provide a convenient
and reliable platform for customers to purchase products online. The
system integrates several features such as user registration, product
catalog, shopping cart, payment gateway, and order management. The
system’s user interface design provides a simple and intuitive shopping
experience for customers, and the system’s backend supports efficient
inventory management, order processing, and shipment tracking.
Future work could involve the addition of more advanced features such as
personalized recommendations, social media integration, and data
analytics to enhance customer engagement and improve business
performance. Additionally, the development of mobile applications for the
system could also be explored to further increase accessibility and
Kendall, K. E., & Kendall, J. E. (2014). Systems
analysis and design (9th ed.). Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Pearson.
Larman, C. (2014). Applying UML and patterns:
An introduction to object-oriented analysis
and design and iterative development (3rd
ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Pressman, R. S. (2010). Software engineering:
A practitioner’s approach (7th ed.). New York:
Sommerville, I. (2015). Software engineering
(10th ed.). Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education
Use-case diagram
Sequence diagram
Entity-relationship diagram
Class diagram
System architecture diagram
Deployment diagram
Screen shots of the user interface
Source code snippets: evershopcommerce
(EverShop) · GitHub
Guidelines for a CS699A (Spring 2023, Mondays) individual project
Dear Students of the CS699A class,
There are some guidelines related to your individual projects:
Important due dates:
The project documentation should include:
• Title of the project;
• Executive Summary;
• Table of Contents;
• Introduction;
• Project Plan (a week-by-week project schedule);
• Functional Specifications (including descriptions of Actors/Roles; Business Rules; system-integrated Use-Case
Diagrams with Use-Case descriptions; Examples of Class Diagrams (related to particular Use Cases); Examples of
Object Diagrams; Examples of Sequence Diagrams; Examples of Collaboration or Communication Diagrams;
Examples of State-Chart Diagrams, if applicable);
• Functional Tests Plan;
• System Design Specifications (including System Architectural [Layered, “Physical”] Design Scheme (with the
Deployment diagram) selected; Package Diagram [with packages populated with interrelated classes], if applicable;
Database Tables; Entity-Relational diagrams; Window Navigation Diagrams; Drafts of User Interfaces; and
Examples of System-Response Report Forms);
• Integration Tests Plan;
• Programming environment and tools;
• Code (can be placed in the Appendix);
• Unit/Module Tests Plan;
• Results of Unit/Module Tests, Integration Tests, and Functional Tests; Samples of User Interfaces;
• Demo (screen shots with time stamps and a project title);
• Issues to Future Studies;
• Conclusion;
• References;
• Appendices.
All the diagrams could be built by using Visual Paradigm Community Edition, ArgoUML, MS Visio, and/or MS Word tools.
(You can use any other tools available, which should be specified and cited in your project documentation).
Good luck,
Project Proposal
Student Name
Instructor Name
Project Proposal
E-commerce has grown to be a crucial aspect of our lives in the current digital era. Ecommerce websites have become a crucial platform for businesses to reach clients and sell goods
as a result of the rising popularity of online shopping. Businesses need a dynamic e-commerce
website to give clients a pleasant and easy buying experience. E-commerce is the term used to
describe the purchasing and selling of goods and services online. By giving clients a convenient
and accessible venue to buy goods, it has changed the way businesses operate. E-commerce
websites have many advantages, such as ease, a broader selection of products, and access to a
global market. Additionally, e-commerce websites offer companies a priceless chance to gather
client information and insights to enhance operations and raise customer happiness. As more and
more individuals choose to make purchases online, e-commerce has become a vital aspect of our
life (Saleem et al., 2019). Customers wishing to make purchases from the comfort of their homes
now prefer internet shopping due to its accessibility and convenience. To fulfill the rising demand
for online shopping, it is imperative to create a dynamic e-commerce website.
Traditional e-commerce websites have limited functionality and frequently static designs,
which is an issue. Customers perceive a sluggish, laborious purchasing process as a result, and
they are increasingly expecting quick, simple, and customized experiences from e-commerce
companies. Additionally, real-time inventory updates, product recommendations, and quicker
checkout procedures are sometimes absent from conventional e-commerce platforms. Without
these elements, users may quit their shopping carts and do business elsewhere. These features are
crucial for a great user experience. The necessity for dynamic e-commerce websites that can offer
clients quick, simple, and customized purchasing experiences is therefore the issue that businesses
must deal with (Dhingra et al., 2020). Retailers must make investments in e-commerce technology
to meet the needs of contemporary customers and provide the functionality and user experience
they desire.
Methodology Overview
To solve these issues, the project will make use of a variety of technologies and tools to
build a dynamic online store that offers users a seamless shopping experience. A CSS framework
like Foundation or Bootstrap will be used in the website’s design together with HTML5, CSS3,
and JavaScript. A server-side language like PHP or Python and a relational database management
system like MySQL will be used to create the website’s back-end. To guarantee that the website is
both scalable and secure, the e-commerce platform will be selected from a well-known platform
like Magento, Shopify, or WooCommerce. The checkout process will be integrated with the ecommerce platform and payment gateway, such as PayPal, Stripe, or Authorize.net, to guarantee
a quick and secure checkout. The website will also have a robust search feature and a real-time
inventory management system to make it simple for customers to find products. Additionally,
customers will be able to register for an account, manage it, examine order history, and save
payment information (Hussien et al., 2022). Regardless of the platform being used, the website
will be customized for both desktop and mobile usage to offer a seamless purchasing experience.
The project’s objective is to develop a secure and practical online shopping platform for
consumers. In order to offer a seamless buying experience regardless of the platform being used,
the website will be designed for both desktop and mobile devices. Customers will be able to finish
their purchases fast and effortlessly because the checkout procedure will be simplified and secure.
Dhingra, S., Gupta, S., & Bhatt, R. (2020). A study of relationship among service quality of Ecommerce websites, customer satisfaction, and purchase intention. International Journal
of E-Business Research (IJEBR), 16(3), 42-59.
Hussien, F. T. A., Rahma, A. M. S., & Wahab, H. B. A. (2022). Design and implement a new
secure prototype structure of e-commerce system. International Journal of Electrical and
Computer Engineering, 12(1), 560.
Saleem, H., Uddin, M. K. S., Habib-ur-Rehman, S., Saleem, S., & Aslam, A. M. (2019). Strategic
data driven approach to improve conversion rates and sales performance of e-commerce
websites. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 10(4), 588-593.
Geofencing in Vehicle
Tracking _ Smart Fleet
Name of Student
Course Name
Date of Submission
Table of Contents
Executive Summary
III. Project Plan
IV. Functional Specification
Functional Test Plan
VI. System Design Specification
VII. Integration test Plan
VIII. Programming Environment and Tools
IX. Results of Unit/Module test, integration Tests and Functional Test
XI. Issues to Future Studies
XII. Conclusion
XIII. References
XIV. Appendices
Fleet management is a complex process that involves managing a large number
of vehicles, drivers, and assets.
● This is done to improve the efficiency of the fleet management, and thus making
necessary to have a system that can provide real time information about the
location and status of the vehicles.
● The projects aims to develop a smart fleet management system that incorporates
geofencing in vehicle tracking. The system will enable fleet manages track their
vehicles in real time and create geofences that trigger alerts when a vehicle
enters or leaves a designated area.
● This project will help improve the efficiency of fleet management and reduce
operational costs.

Project Plan
Week 1: Project Planning and requirements gathering
Week 2: Analysis and design
Week 3 & 4: System Development
Week 5 & 6: Testing and debugging
Week 7: User acceptance testing and deployment
Week 8: Final report and presentation
Functional Specification
The functional specification of the system includes the description of the actors/roles, business rules, and use–case diagrams
Fleet Manager: is the system’s primary user and is responsible for managing the fleet of vehicles
Driver: The Driver is responsible for driving the vehicle and must adhere to the rules and regulations of the Fleet manager.
Administrator: They are responsible for managing user accounts and system settings.
Business Rules:
Only the fleet manager can create and edit the geofences.
The driver cannot modify or delete any details in the information system.
The Administrator can manage the user’s accounts and system settings.
Use – Case – Diagram
Example of Object Diagram
Example of Object Diagram
Geofence Class Diagram
Example of Sequence Diagram
● Examples of States-Chart Diagrams:
● Vehicle Status state-chart Diagram: Shows a vehicle’s different states in the transition between them.
Functional Test Plan
● Login functionality Test:
● Geofence Creation and Editing Test:
● Vehicle Tracking Test:
● Vehicle Status Viewing test:
● User Account Management Test:
● System Setting Management test:
Vehicle tracking System Architecture
Package Diagram
System Architecture
Entity Relationship
Windows navigation
Draft user interface
The Integration Test Plan
It is majorly the summary of the test case details to ensure that the system component is integrated and
works together as expected. The test will be designed to verify that the system behaves as desired in various
scenarios. A detailed summary of the integration is stated below.

Integration test between the presentation layer and business layer:

Integration test between the business layer and data layer:

Integration test between different system components:
Programming Environment and Tools

The system was developed using Java Programming Language and Spring Boot
framework. In this case, the development IDE is Eclipse, a known IDE for Java

Spring Boot is applied to build web-based applications with Java.


Unit/Model Test Plan
1. Unit test for login functionality
2. Unit test for geofence creation and editing
3. Unit test for vehicle tracking
4. Unit test for vehicle status viewing
5. Unit test for user account management
6. Unit test for system setting management
Issues to Future Studies

The project may require studies to improve the system functionality and efficiency,
including integrating more advanced tracking technologies, incorporating machine
learning algorithms for route optimization, and developing a mobile application.
● Developing smart fleet management systems incorporating geofencing in vehicle tracking will
improve fleet management efficiency and reduce operational costs.
● The system will enable fleet managers to track their vehicles in real-time and create geofences
that trigger alerts when a vehicle enters or leaves a designated area.
● The Project plan, functional specifications, system design specifications, and test plans ensure
the delivery of a high-quality system that meets all the applicable requirements.
Hussain, S., Mahmud, U., & Yang, S. (2020). Car e-talk: An IoT-enabled cloud-assisted smart fleet maintenance system. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 8(12), 94849494.https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9060939/?casa_token=f6JqPIYdrNgAAAAA:K4FVAcSUijUbUuwFDP6hgE6fqWIS7QzEuQ0vIHZ8mlT7BTVR2AcDnBLdanxrMamOrvSzDgeV6VGLQ
Suganya, V. (2022). Usage and Perception of Geofencing. EPRA International Journal of Economics, Business and Management Studies (EBMS), 9(2), 1-4.
Shah, S. N., Shukla, A., Prasad, R., & Mandalia, P. (2022, June). Geofencing Application using IRNSS/NavIC. In 2022 2nd International Conference on Intelligent

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