Bryant and Stratton College Philosophy Ordinary Language Discussion

Description

This
week we are studying arguments as they appear in ordinary language and
how to put those arguments into standard form so that we can analyze the
type of argument being presented. In order to practice this skill,
please select a published article or essay in which the author presents
an argument. You
MUST include the title of the article you have chosen in the title of
your discussion post. No duplicate articles will be allowed. Students
who choose an article chosen by another student will be asked to redo
their initial post. The first student to post with the article in the title “claims” that article. In your initial post, include the following elements: In one paragraph, summarize your article and directly quote the paragraph or sentence(s) where the argument appears.Put the argument into standard form.Include APA citation(s) and a reference for the article you selected.
Here is an example of a good initial post.

Here is an example of a good initial post. – Alternative Formats

In your replies to classmates State
whether the argument is strong or weak if it is an inductive argument,
or valid or invalid if it is a deductive argument.
W2 Discussion Guidance
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When
it comes to stating arguments as they appear in ordinary language and
putting them into standard form, there are a few key steps we can follow
to ensure that we are able to accurately analyze the type of argument
being presented.Guidance First, we need to identify the premises and the
conclusion of the argument. The premises are the statements that support
the conclusion, while the conclusion is the statement being supported.
To identify the premises and the conclusion, it can be helpful to look
for indicator words or phrases, such as “because,” “since,” “therefore,”
or “thus.”Next, we need to put the argument into standard form.
This involves presenting the premises as a list of statements, with
each premise numbered and separated by a comma, and then following it
with the conclusion, which is also numbered. For example:1. All men are mortal.2. Socrates is a man.3. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.Finally,
once we have the argument in standard form, we can analyze the type of
argument being presented. There are a variety of different types of
arguments, including deductive arguments, inductive arguments, and
abductive arguments. To determine which type of argument we are dealing
with, we need to evaluate the strength of the premises and the
relationship between the premises and the conclusion.Overall, by
following these steps, we can develop a clear and structured way of
analyzing arguments, which will help us to better understand the logic
and reasoning behind different types of arguments.Explain your
reasoning.Assume that you have run across this fictional article about selling your home online.
Article titled Bankruptcy 101, in Real Estate Digest, Dec 14, 1998.
An unwanted home sale can really put you in bad financial shape. Sue had
found herself in bad financial straits but sought advice about whether to declare
bankruptcy or foreclose on her home.
Declaring bankruptcy is as bad for your credit score as a foreclosure. Anyone
with a foreclosure will have a bad credit score for years. Because of this, anyone with a
bankruptcy will have a bad credit score for years as well. So, when Sue was forced to sell
her home because of bankruptcy, she will have a bad credit score.
-John Jones has been writing for Real Estate publications for years. He lives in
Montana, land of Big Sky country with his dog Jeff.
Using this example, the first step is identifying the conclusion of this argument. In this case, the word
“so” generally indicated the conclusion.
For our example, the passage, “when Sue was forced to sell her home because of bankruptcy, she will
have a bad credit score” is our conclusion.
Next, it is important to find the premises that lead directly to the conclusion. Keep in mind that it is rare
that all passages in an article are important or lead directly to the conclusion. In this case, the first
paragraph, which talks about Sue, and has general comments about being in bad financial shape, while
related, do not directly lead to the conclusion.
The sentences in the second paragraph are related to the conclusion.
The first sentence, “Declaring bankruptcy is as bad for your credit score as a foreclosure” looks like it is
directly related to the ‘bad credit score’ in the conclusion. I would consider this the first premise.
The second sentence, “Anyone with a foreclosure will have a bad credit score for years” had the term
‘foreclosure’ that is also found in what we are calling the first premise.
The third sentence, “Because of this, anyone with a bankruptcy will have a bad credit score for years as
well” is related to the first premise as well.
Putting this in standard form, you would get:
P1 – Declaring bankruptcy is as bad for your credit score as a foreclosure.
P2 – Anyone with a foreclosure will have a bad credit score for years.
P3 – Because of this, anyone with a bankruptcy will have a bad credit score for years as well.
C – When Sue was forced to sell her home because of bankruptcy, she will have a bad credit score.

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